Qadr (قدر), also known as the Divine Decree & Foreordainment, is one of the important islamic beliefs that Allāh (عز و جل) has created everything and that everything is decreed. This is one of the most important topics of Islām that I wanted to discuss briefly. In this article, we will be looking over the four levels of Qadr, according to Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jama'ah:
Al'Ilm is the level in which one believes that Allāh (عز و جل) decrees everything, that He knows everything and all that is in the heavens and the earth, that He knows all the actions of His creation, and that nothing is ever and cannot be hidden from Allāh (عز و جل).
al-Kitaabah is that Allāh (عز و جل) wrote the preserved tablet which includes the decree of everything. Allāh says in the Qurʾān:
"Know you not that Allāh knows all that is in heaven and on earth? Verily, it is (all) in the Book. Verily! That is easy for Allāh." (1)
Meaning that he began with knowledge and that it is all written in the preserved tablet.
al-Mashee'ah is that Allāh (عز و جل) wills everything that exists or nonexistent within the heavens or the earth. So this means that the nothing exists except that it is by the divine will of Allāh (عز و جل).
Allāh says in the Qurʾān:
"To whomsoever among you who wills to walk straight. And you will not, unless (it be) that Allāh wills, the Lord of all that exists." (2)
al-Khalqh is the belief that Allāh (عز و جل) created everything. So this means that nothing exists except that which Allāh is the Creator of it. Allāh says in the Qurʾān:
"He Who was created death and life, that He may test you which of you is best in deed." (3)
I ask Allāh to keep us firm upon these beliefs and to affirm them correctly.
May Allāh bless you, and shukran.
1. Qurʾān 22:70
2. Qurʾān 81:28-29
3. Qurʾān 67:2